The game of cricket is highly popular in the whole world after football. In cricket, there are so many domestic and international tournaments like IPL, BBL, and ICC World Cup Cricket. We will explain to you the basic rules of cricket.
The Main object of the game is to score runs or take all wickets to win a match. Twenty 20 Cricket and test matches. There are two umpires in place during all formats of the game who can make a decision in matches.
The basic cricket rules are
1. This match is played between two teams and each team has 11 players. Both teams have a captain and there is also a reserve player called “Twelfth Man”, which is used when some other players are injured during the match.
2. One team is batting and score runs as much they can make while other team fields.
3. The fielding team bowls to the batsmen who tries to hit the ball and make run for the team. The fielding team is trying to get the batsmen out.
4. A bowler will bowl which is called ‘an over’ which consists of six balls. Off each delivery, a batsman can either score 1 through to 6 or not score runs.
5. If a batsman hits the ball along with the ground its four runs. If a batsman hits the ball over the boundary line its six runs.
6. Each batting team is allowed to lose 10 wickets in an inning of a match before they must switch around and be the bowling team.
Test cricket is a game of patience that is divided into four innings. To win the match they have to play at least two innings and four innings played in a test match by both the team, take all the wickets before achieving more runs or goals than any other team in the match.
The difference between test cricket and other formats is the length of the game.
In Test cricket, there is no limit to the over, while one day International and Twenty20 cricket have limited the limited number of balls bowled by the bowler.
Test cricket is the only format that is played for 5 days, while one day and twenty 20 are completed on the same day of the match played.
The game starts with a toss by the officials and the winning captain will have an option of start inning with the ball first or bat first.
The follow-on occurs when the team fights for the first time, 200 runs more than the other team in the Test match. The first team gives the option of rebuilding the inning for the second time.
In the case of the captain of the batting team, there is also the right to declare his innings at any time of the match, it is called the declaration of innings. If a team is not bowled twice and the winner determined in the game is declared a draw.
Different Ways to score runs
The main target of the batsmen is to score runs. Run comes when a batsman hits the ball with the bat. Some other ways runs can be scored according to cricket rules no balls, wide balls, free hit, byes & leg byes.
1. No Ball is a penalty against the fielding team followed by a free hit in which batsman cannot be bowled, caught but can be run out on that ball.
2. Wide Ball if the umpire thinks the batsman did not reach the ball after bowler delivers.
3. Bye is where a ball passes the batsman and runs are scored.
4. Leg Bye is where runs are scored by hitting the striking batsman on pad or body.
Ways Batsmen can be given out
Bowled – If the ball is bowled and hits the batsman’s wicket then the batsman is out.
Caught – If a batsman hits the ball or touches on the ball with his bat or glove holding the bat then the batsman can be caught out.
Leg Before Wicket (LBW) – the Batsman is OUT if the ball strikes the pads of the batsman if its hit the batsman pad first without touching the bat then an LBW decision is possible.
Stumped – When the wicketkeeper puts down the wicket while he is out of his crease and not attempting a run.
Run Out – If a batsman is out if no part of his bat or body is grounded behind the crease while the ball is in play and the wicket is fairly put down.
Hit Wicket – if a batsman hits his wicket with his bat or body after the bowler has delivered the ball.
Timed Out – Be at the non-strikers end with his partner within three minutes of the outgoing batsman being dismissed. If this is not done then the incoming batsman can be given out.
Hit The Ball Twice – if a batsman hits the ball twice with a bat other than for the purpose of protecting himself wicket.